Pluralismus unter Bedrängnis

in den letzten wochen kommt es hier in israel vermehrt zu aktionen einiger haredi-gemeinden gegen den erreichten status quo in sachen friedlichen nebeneinander lebens und religionsfreiheit in jerusalem. fast jeder shabbat endet inzwischen mit größeren oder kleineren demostrationen. angriffspunkte: vom parkplatz, der an shabbatgeschlossen werden soll, bis zur demo gegen intel, die ihre produktion an shabbat beenden sollen. einen negativen höhepunkt erlebte die jüdische welt vor knapp drei wochen in der verhaftung einer jungen frau, die zu rosch chodesch kislev in einem tallit an der kotel (klagemauer) beten wollte.

auf der seite von IRAC und IMPJ findet ihr einige berichte zu den vorkommnissen.

vergangenen shabbat-ausgang haben sich daher einige tausend jerusalemer bürger zusammengefunden und gegen die einschränkung der religionsfreiheit und lebensqualität demonstriert. sie setzten ein zeichen dafür, dass es mehr als nur einen weg gibt, jüdisch zu sein.

im blog von dov bear habe ich einen interessanten brief eines orthodoxen rabbiners gefunden, der eine wunderbare stellungnahme zu der völlig unangemessenen festnahme der jungen frau durch die polizei ist:

Shmuel Herzfeld, the Rabbi of Ohev Sholom–The National Synagogue (Orthodox) has written a firm letter of protest to Israel’s Ambassador to the U.S., in which he says that the Israeli police made a serious error last month when they arrested a talis-wearing woman at the Wall. His argument in her defense is not based on principles of tolerance, inclusion, and humility, but on Jewish law.

According to Rabbi Herzfeld, normative Jewish law permits a woman to wear a talis.

Read his letter after the jump

Dear Ambassador:

I very much enjoyed praying next to you on Rosh Hashanah. I hope you and your family are well.

I write to you with both hesitation and firm conviction.

Hesitation because I fear criticizing Israel publicly, since to do so might strengthen those critics of Israel who would rather Israel did not exist. God forbid that our world should ever see that!

Firm conviction because I want to express publicly and forcefully how deeply disturbed I am about a recent arrest in Israel.

News outlets have reported that a woman was arrested for wearing a prayer shawl (a tallit) at the Western Wall. This strikes me as deeply offensive and dangerous.

First, Jewish law expressly permits women to wear a tallit. The great Maimonides explicitly states: Women are permitted to wear tzitzit (Laws of Tzitzit 3:9). Thus, the actions of the Israeli government in arresting this woman are in effect denying.her the right to expressly follow the teachings of the Torah.

Second, the prophets describe the Temple Mount as a place where the voice of God will go out to all the nations of the world. In arresting a woman while she attempts to pray in accordance with the laws of Maimonides, you are committing a desecration of God’s name and polluting the holiness of the Temple Mount. The Temple Mount which is supposed to be a source of the light of Judaism to the nations of the world, has become a source of ridicule and contempt. You are ceding the Temple Mount and its holiness to a group of fundamentalist and exclusionary Jews who increasingly do not share that prophetic vision. You are also ceding the moral high ground of the entire country by practicing religious discrimination. I urge you to do everything in your power to reverse this policy and to issue a formal state apology to those holy woman who desire to wear a tallit at the Western Wall.

I would like to organize a visit to you from a rabbinic delegation of American Orthodox rabbis who strongly support the right of women to wear a tallit and tzitzit. Please let me know when you can meet with us.

Sincerely,
Shmuel Herzfeld
Rabbi, Ohev Sholom–The National Synagogue

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