Pesach Seder: A very Jewish version of a symposium

The most well-known thing that Jewish people do during Passover is to gather together for a ceremonial festive meal called a seder. The main thing to understand about a seder is that it combines a delicious meal, the telling of the story of the Exodus from Egypt, and a lot of symbolic foods and rituals tied to the Exodus story. Whether you are hosting a seder at your home or you are a guest at someone else’s, a typical seder is set up like a dinner party with a script. There’s a book, called a Haggadah in Hebrew, which contains the ritual order of the meal – traditionally comprised of 15 steps, or ritual units.

History: The seder and the Haggadah were developed by a group of ancient rabbis who lived in the Land of Israel under Greco-Roman cultural influence. They did some cultural borrowing in crafting the Haggadah, using the Greco-Roman concept of a symposium and filling in Jewish content. A symposium was a meal with guests during which an important subject would be discussed and a specific number of cups of wine would be served. The hosts would issue invitations, which would state the topic for the evening’s discussion and the number of cups of wine that would be served. At the beginning of the evening, guests would arrive and be invited to get comfortable – reclining on pillows and cushions and preparing to eat and drink, talk and argue deep into the night. Familiar?  Exactly, the seder is our very Jewish version of a symposium:

The Topic: The Exodus from Egypt and freedom,
How many cups: 4 cups of wine and lots of food.

Wishing you all a very meaningful Pesach
Rabbi Adrian M Schell
(Source: ITJ Handout on Pesach)

Torah Reading – Shabbat Hagadol
Parashat Tzav

Leviticus  6:1-8:36 Reading Lev  8:10-36
(Plaut 694; Hertz 436)

Haftarah: Malachi 3:4-3:24 (P1459 Hertz 1005)

In our weekly Torah portion the five sacrifices that the priests are to perform are described. Further, limitations on the consumption of meat are outlined by the Torah.

Our portion concludes with details about the ordination of Aaron and his sons as priests and the preparation of the Tabernacle as a holy place.

 Pesach—First day

Exodus 12:37-42;13:3-10 (Plaut  414) and Numbers 28:16-25 (Plaut 1082)

Haftarah: Isaiah 43:1-15 (P 1462)

Omer Counting

Beginning with the second night of Pesach we count the Omer until we arrived in our calendar at Shavuot. To help you with the counting, we have prepared for you a leaflet with a calendar, the blessings and the numbers (COUNTING THE OMER 2017). Traditionally the Omer is counted in the evening, after sunset.



Torah Sparks: Teach it to your children

An old saying teaches that we believe what we see, but the reverse is often true: we see what we believe.  And what we believe is often coloured by the stories we’ve learned. In less than two weeks, we are going to celebrate Pesach, Passover. The most important mitzvah for Pesach is to share knowledge with the next generation. But why?

When Abraham told the story of one God creating the universe, the idea of history—the belief that we can learn from our past—was created. After all, if there were many gods, as so much of the ancient world believed, what happened yesterday might have no bearing on today, because we might be dealing with a different god.  But with one God there could be one plan and one set of rules, so learning from the past—from yesterday, from our parents, or from the lives of our ancestors—became both possible and essential. It is no wonder that the TaNaCh, our Bible, not only records the victories of the Jewish people, like the hieroglyphics do for the Egyptians, but also our failures.  We must learn from both. Peoples, nations, cultures, faiths: all have stories that inform their vision and help shape their thinking.

For many Christians, the world is seen through the story of death and resurrection. For many Muslims, through the image of spiritual struggle and war. For Jews, our vision is one of leaving the slavery of the past, wandering through the wilderness of the present, and moving toward the promised land of the future.

Significantly, while so many other peoples speak of “the golden age of the past,” Judaism’s story puts the best of times in the future.  It is the Jewish vision that laid the groundwork for the belief in messianic times for so many people of the world. So important is the Jewish belief in the power of stories—and in particular, our Jewish story—that four times in the Bible we are commanded to tell our story to our children, whether or not they ask to hear it.

Our Pesach Haggadah translates this mitzvah into the story of four children—for a good reason. Jewish teaching explains the verse “the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob”—as opposed to “the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob”—as a lesson that each of us must find their own way to connect with the Jewish people, its history and with faith until that “faith relationship” becomes personal.  The lesson of the four children teaches us that we must work to understand each individual and hear each question before we respond. Otherwise, we may be providing answers important to ourselves, not those important to our students or children. Our hope is that all our children—every Jew and non-Jew alike—will be connected to our people, our history and our God.

Shabbat Shalom Rabbi Adrian M Schell
(Source: Lauren Eichler Berkun)

Torah Reading Shabbat Vayikra

Leviticus 1:1-5:26 Reading Lev  4:1-21
(Plaut 666; Hertz 417)

Haftarah: Isaiah  43:21-44:23
(Plaut 682; Hertz 424)

 In our weekly Torah portion God instructs Moses on the five different kinds of sacrifices that were to be offered in the sanctuary: * The olah or “burnt offering” was a voluntary sacrifice that had a high degree of sanctity and was regarded as the “standard” offering.

* The minchah or “meal offering” was a sacrifice made of flour, oil, salt, and frankincense.

* The zevach sh’lamim or “sacrifice of well-being” was a voluntary animal offering from one’s herd, sometimes brought to fulfill a vow.

* The chatat or “sin offering” was an obligatory sacrifice that was offered to expiate unintentional sins.

* And finally the asham or “penalty offering” was an obligatory sacrifice that was required chiefly of one who had misappropriated property.

Pesach is our festival to thank God for the many miracles in our lives

DSC_7444Each year we sing Dayeinu as part of our Seder, showing our gratitude to God for all the wonders performed to our ancestors as they went free from Egypt. Though the traditional text encompasses over a dozen items for which we give thanks, many modern Haggadot have added even more to that list, mentioning the modern wonders, we can encounter, like the State of Israel.

This, for a good reason, as our list is not complete. We have many things to be thankful for, and we should regularly recount our many blessings – not only during Pesach. Yet, many of us have the feeling that God is somehow absent, and that God has ceased to perform miracles. The feeling, that our prayers for example are falling on deaf ears, is not uncommon, am I right?

In one of my commentary books for Pesach I found the following poem, an anonymous poet has written:

I asked for strength, and God gave me difficulties to make me strong.

I asked for wisdom, and God gave me problems to solve.

I asked for prosperity, and God gave me brawn and brains to work.

I asked for courage, and God gave me dangers to overcome.

I asked for love, and God gave me troubled people to help.

I asked for favors, and God gave me opportunities.

I received nothing I wanted. I received everything I needed.

My prayers were answered.

I like this little poem, because it gives us so much hope and it points in the directions we need to look at, to see the miracles that are surrounding us. Sometimes we are so busy shouting at God, or others, that we oversee the good things they do for us. We simply need to change our perspective, to bear witness to the miracles in the world and in our life, and to recognise that we will never sufficiently be able to thank God for all that has been done for us.

Happy Holidays –  Shabbat Shalom and Chag Pesach Sameach

Rabbi Adrian M Schell

Torah Reading for Pesach (Shabbat) 1st Day

Exodus 12:37-42 and 13:3-10 (P 414; H p.259)

Numbers 28:16-28:25 (P 1082; H p.695)

Haftarah: Isaiah 43:1-15 (P 1462)


Torah Reading for 7th Day Pesach

Exodus 14:30-15:21 (P 437; H p.270)

Numbers 28:19-28:25 (P 1083; H p.695)

Haftarah: II Samuel 22:1-51 (P 1467; H p.1017)


Torah Reading for Shabbat Acharei Mot

Leviticus 16:1-18:30
(Reading Lev. 16:1 – 22; P p.770; H p.480);

Haftarah: Ezekiel 22:1-19 (P 795; H p.494)

Torah Study with Rabbi Schell
resumes on Shabbat 30.4. at 08h45

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